Bilateral exchanges

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Calls for proposals 'Regional or bilateral exchanges in support of pilot sites' initiatives

This activity aimed to encourage the exchange of experiences of pilot sites with other Pacific countries on sustainable environmental management issues. The objective was to contribute to the integration of the OCTs in the region through bilateral exchanges with "mirror" sites and to create informal networks. The aim was to develop synergies between territories, benefit from relevant feedback and create links between the OCTs and between the OCTs and the other countries and territories of the Pacific. Thus, through this initiative, the aim was to promote bilateral, or even multilateral, exchanges on the initiative of the actors of the pilot sites, and thus to create exchanges of knowledge and know-how, and if possible longer-term partnerships.

To this end, three calls for projects were launched by the CPS in 2015, 2016 and 2017. Activity proposal sheets had been provided to project promoters, which could be public bodies, non-governmental organisations, private non-profit-making bodies or individuals or private companies.
The actors of the pilot sites were encouraged to build partnership proposals, perfectly adapted to their field problems. A selection committee, emanating from the steering committee, evaluated the relevance of the proposals submitted. The selection criteria developed were designed to prioritize projects with a long-term vision.

Activity proposal sheets (in French) :

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The first call for projects, closed on March 15, 2015, made it possible to select 6 projects :

Exchanges of experiences on the process of making landfill bins according to the Fukuoka method: Wallis and Futuna/Fidji exchange, carried out by the Wallis and Futuna Territorial Environment Service

As part of the INTEGRE activities in Wallis and Futuna, the mission took place from April 25 to 29, 2016 in Labasa, Fiji. As the current Technical Burial Centre (TBC). at Vailepo in Wallis reaches its maximum storage capacity, it becomes necessary to install a new crate. Similarly in Futuna, a management strategy for Moasa's TBC needs to be redefined in order to improve its functioning. Thus, the main purpose of the mission was to visit the Namara centre in Labasa. The latter uses the Fukuoka method, created by the university and the city of Fukuoka in 1965 in Japan. It is developing a semi aerobic, low-cost waste management technique using local or recovered materials. Thus, this mission allowed an exchange of experience between the Agents of the Wallis and Futuna Environment Service and the agents of the Namara TBC as well as with the invited participants, the Environment and Energy Management Agency (ADEME) and SPREP. Beyond the visit of the TBC, the aim was to benefit from the knowledge of specialists and feedback on the application of the method.

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Feedback and exchange of experiences with the authority of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park and the Strait of Torres on the consideration of traditional uses of the marine space: New Caledonia/Australia Exchange, led by the Conservatoire d'Espaces Naturels de la Nouvelle-Calédonie

The Great Barrier Reef Park shows many similarities with the UNESCO World Heritage property in New Caledonia, in terms of ecological issues, the management methods put in place or the economic and social context. This discussion confirmed the mutual interest of collaboration between the two sites, which is intended to continue beyond this exchange. Moreover, it has provided food for thought at the level of the three pilot sites in New Caledonia within the framework of the UNESCO management committees, which are the way to local legitimacy, particularly customary legitimacy on lagoon space and uses. It therefore contributed to the INTEGRE action plan for New Caledonia, which aimed in particular to boost the participatory management process and the mobilisation of local stakeholders at the three pilot sites, this mobilisation passing through recognition of local cultural specificities and the aspirations of the populations. This is a central issue for the effective implementation of integrated coastal zone management in New Caledonia but also in the Pacific as a whole. This exchange and the lessons learned were promoted to all partners of the INTEGRE project, notably during the mini regional workshop organised on 30 September and 1 October on ICZM plans.

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Wallis and Futuna-Samoa : Exchange of experiences on the manufacturing processes of virgin coconut oil

The mission to Samoa was suggested following the participation of the NGO Women In Business (WIBDI) in the conference on Sustainable Agriculture which was organized by the Direction des Services de l'Agriculture in Wallis in November 2014. This exchange aimed to facilitate the implementation of projects on the territory upon return, and raise awareness on the subject of regeneration and management of the coconut grove, essential to the industry. The objective was also to improve the production process of virgin coconut oil (VCO) used today in Futuna by the association Alofaina, following a training organized in Wallis in 2011 by the CPS.

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Ouvéa Biosecurity and local involvement: exchanges of experience with French Polynesia on the strategy implemented in the Marquesas: New Caledonia/French Polynesia (Marquesas) exchange, led by the ASBO (Association for the Safeguarding of the Biodiversity of Ouvéa)

ASBO requested the INTEGRE project to organize an exchange with the associations MANU and Vai ku'a i te manu o Ua Huka on the island of Ua Huka in Polynesia. This exchange program with these two Polynesian partner associations enabled the ASBO to present its actions at Ouvéa & Beautemps-Beaupré and to discover similar wildlife protection, biosecurity and ecological restoration programs. Many common points exist between the programs of these islands (Ouvéa, Ua Huka, Rimatara), the men and women who lead them and the conditions of realization: similar island environments, oceanic culture (Ouvéa received a strong Polynesian influence), participatory management, threatened endemic bird species, absence of black rat and ferral brown rat, risk of invasive species by boats.

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Study mission on the facilities and techniques used against erosion in pineapple growing areas on steep slopes: French Polynesia/Fidji exchange, led by the Rural Development Department of French Polynesia

As the INTEGRE programme also gives particular importance to regional exchanges and the sharing of experience, it was decided to carry out a technical mission in order to obtain precise information on the methods of growing pineapple on slopes, as practised in Fiji, which for many years has implemented specific anti-erosive techniques for its pineapple crops on steep slopes, with significant results. The information collected was used as a reference to design the anti-erosion development plan for the Opunohu area by accurately evaluating the transposable methods, or those that had to be adapted beforehand to the Polynesian context. Development work on the pilot plots was carried out in the second half of 2016 on the Opunohu estate.

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Dynamisation of the copra sector in Ouvéa : New Caledonia (Ouvéa)/Vanuatu exchange, supported by the Arbofruit association

The main objective of the technical mission, which took place from 11 to 16 October 2015, co-financed by the CPS, the commune of Ouvéa and one of its elected representatives, is to enable the stakeholders in the copra sector (field technicians and producers) to meet and exchange with their Vanuatu counterparts on coconut palm, in order to inspire the development of copra in the Loyalty Islands and to resolve the technical obstacles identified in the field and for which all the partners do not have sufficient experience and/or expertise.

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The second call for projects, closed in March 2016, resulted in the selection of 5 projects :

- ACROPORA - From the great south of New Caledonia to the Tahiti Peninsula: New Caledonia / French Polynesia exchange, carried by OEIL (Observatoire de l'Environnement Nouvelle-Calédonie)

The objective of this project was to organize a Pacific inter-country exchange to share experience and know-how in participatory monitoring of coral reef health status. Such monitoring has already been carried out in New Caledonia since 2011 and invites volunteers to participate in the Réseau d'Observation des Récifs Coralliens (RORC), whether in scuba diving (via the Pala Dalik association) or freediving (monitoring of reefs in the Deep South - through the ACROPORA project, coordinated by OEIL and CCCE; and monitoring of Ouvéa reefs) in order to encourage the involvement of local populations in environmental monitoring. All underwater observers are trained in the techniques and identification of target species. Within the framework of this project, the skills acquired by the RORC have been made available to fishermen and members of the Rau'i management committees of the Taiarapu peninsula in order to help them set up their own monitoring network.

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- Learn from the participatory processes implemented in Fiji in the LMMA (Locally Managed Marine Area) network: French Polynesia/Fiji exchange, led by Moorea commune

The objective of this exchange was to support the elaboration of an integrated coastal zone management plan on the Opunohu site implemented within the framework of the INTEGRE and RESCCUE projects and to support the revision of the Maritime Space Management Plan implemented by the Municipality of Moorea-Maiao assisted by the RESCCUE project.

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Management of hazardous waste: study of treatment channels: New Caledonia / New Zealand exchange, led by the Environmental Department of the Southern Province of New Caledonia

This discussion enabled participants to meet some thirty professionals during 12 visits to companies or organizations working in the field of waste in the North Island of New Zealand (see details in appendices 6 and 7). Field visits (8 waste management sites) took place in the following three locations: Auckland, Wellington, Hastings-Napier. Thus, as the meetings progressed and the technical or regulatory documents collected became available, the New Zealand comparison stimulated the participants' reflection on the technical-economic and regulatory approaches prevailing in New Caledonia and their possible evolution.

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- Strengthening local capacities in waste recovery: New Caledonia / New Zealand exchange, led by the Economic Development and Environment Directorate of the Northern Province of New Caledonia

The recovery of glass waste was still in the initial phase of installation in New Caledonia. Its development has furthermore not been part of a community approach comparable to the one currently under way in Touho. Therefore, it seemed relevant to the actors to deepen all the previous themes by carrying out a study mission with resource actors (institutions, companies, associations) having a greater experience in the matter in New Zealand and to expose the results.

- Observe and capitalise on New Zealand's experience with the use of glass sand, particularly in beach nourishment and the manufacture of concrete for construction.

- Present the situation in the project area (Touho and ZCNE) to the various interlocutors met in order to benefit from their technical expertise in setting up a recovery chain.

- Meet the institutional, economic and associative stakeholders in waste management and recovery in order to enrich the local know-how of the various stakeholders involved in the mission, and to initiate sustainable partnerships.

- Reinforce the local dynamics initiated in Touho by enabling the working group to find itself in a common process of discovery and learning.

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- Exchange / Training on World Heritage List: Exchange New Caledonia / Galapagos, carried by the Conservatoire d'espaces naturels de Nouvelle-Calédonie

The World Heritage Centre through the Marine Programme organizes every three years meetings between the 49 managers of marine sites inscribed on the World Heritage List. These conferences allow managers to share best practices and build relationships to continuously improve their management practices. The Caledonian World Heritage property is a serial property managed by four institutions (the three provinces and the Government of New Caledonia). The Conservatoire d'espaces naturels is the body that coordinates this management and plays the role of focal point, particularly in the responses to be provided to UNESCO.

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The last call for projects, closed on December 23, 2016, made it possible to select 6 projects :

Exchange of experiences on the conduct of a school animation on the reefs: Wallis and Futuna/New Caledonia exchange, led by the Pala Dalik Association

This exchange focused on 3 areas :

  • Training in school animation on the reefs, meadows and mangroves of Wallis and Futuna
  • Advice and exchanges on participatory monitoring of coral reefs
  • Production of videos to build sequences presenting the different marine habitats of Wallis

The mission was successful in achieving its objectives. Those present received detailed training on school animation developed as part of this project, both in terms of scientific content and how to conduct it. In addition, many exchanges took place between the participants themselves. These people from different backgrounds therefore benefited from this meeting and dialogue ground. A dynamic has been created around this training. Concerning the advisory mission on the participatory monitoring of coral reefs, it was essentially a question of taking stock of the Reef check Wallis. Discussions were held on the one hand on the presentation of the RORC of New Caledonia and the methodologies used and on the other hand on the identification of difficulties encountered by Reef check Wallis.

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 Exchanges of experiences / Training on organic agriculture at Tech&Bio : Exchange New Caledonia - French Polynesia - Wallis and Futuna - Fiji / France, led by the Chamber of Agriculture of New Caledonia

Organized every 2 years by the Chambers of Agriculture, Tech&Bio is the reference fair for organic and alternative techniques. It took place on 20 and 21 September 2017, in Bourg-lès-Valence in the Drôme, at the Lycée agricole du Valentin. This exhibition was born from the strong will of the Chambers of Agriculture to contribute to the development of organic agriculture and to promote the transfer of practices to conventional agriculture. This 6th edition was also the occasion to celebrate the 10 years of innovations of the show. On 50 hectares of exhibition space, 100 field demonstrations took place on 15 hectares, 120 conferences and workshops were given and 15 farmers received organic talent trophies.

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- New Caledonia - French Polynesia - Fiji: Regional Exchange in Fiji on the study of the LMMA Local Managed Marine Area Network

The objective of this exchange was to contribute to the sustainable management or enhancement of the environment for the benefit of the populations. Several specific objectives have been identified: strengthening regional cooperation in the field of sustainable development, strengthening governance related to environmental management and implementing integrated management in response to sustainable development challenges.

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- Exchanges of experiences / Training on the use of an innovative tool for diagnosing the state of health of forests in catchments: Wallis and Futuna Exchange / New Caledonia, led by WWF New Caledonia

The study conducted by WWF made it possible to develop a method for diagnosing vegetation cover based on the analysis of parameters such as erosion, landscape tendency or fragmentation. The method can cover large areas and can be applied to any other environment with erosion and land use databases.

WWF's aim was to offer this diagnostic and monitoring tool to all the organisations likely to use it, in order to feed the dynamics of preservation and restoration of these key areas for water resources and forest biodiversity. Following an INTEGRE call for projects published in October 2016 aiming to develop regional or bilateral exchanges in support of existing pilot sites, it was proposed to return this study to Wallis and Futuna, Fiji and Vanuatu.

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- Exchanges of experiences / Training on innovation and tradition applied to the exploitation of lagoon resources : Exchanges between French Polynesia and Saipan carried by the VAIA Centre of French Polynesia

This mission was organized following the exchanges initiated in May 2016 between Thomas Camus and Mike Ogo on the aquaculture of the Rabbit Fish Siganus argenteus ("Marava"). The Department of Aquaculture at the University of the Northern Mariana Islands began a 4-year program on Marava aquaculture in 2015 with U.S. funding. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and technical assistance from the Oceanic Institute in Hawaii. Mike Ogo's visit to Tahiti aimed at a first zootechnical exchange on Marava aquaculture (broodstock, egg laying, larval breeding, nursery) and to initiate a collaboration with Saipan on Marava issues.

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- Agroforestry and arboriculture: Wallis and Futuna-French Polynesia exchanges supported by the Directorate of Agricultural Services of Wallis and Futuna

The Wallis and Futuna delegation was received by Mr Tearii ALPHA, Minister of Primary Resource Development, Land Affairs and Development of the estate. Mr André Vatootai presented the agriculture of Wallis and Futuna, similarities existing between the 2 French communities (climate, culture, insularity...). He expressed his wish to set up a partnership agreement between Wallis and Futuna and French Polynesia so that the primary sector of Wallis and Futuna could benefit from technical assistance in terms of expertise and experience for the development of local production.

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The very positive feedback from the partners shows the value of sharing experience at the technical level on subjects identified by the beneficiaries themselves.

It is difficult, as some exchanges have just been completed, to take a step back on the operational implementation and practical scope of these discussions in the OCTs. However, some exchanges have had a relatively rapid impact, such as the Southern Province, which plans to implement a more optimal management of hazardous waste based directly on what has been seen in New Zealand; the Fukuoka method seen by Wallisians in Fiji should be developed at the Wallis and Futuna TECs; Tahitians are putting into practice the techniques seen in Fiji relating to sloping pineapples, the methods of dynamisation of the copra sector seen in Vanuatu are paying off and are being implemented on the island of Ouvéa, etc.

It would be interesting if the European Union could carry out a longer follow-up with the territories on the operational impact of these exchanges in connection with the OCTs.

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