Futuna

wf-futuna

At Futuna, the INTEGRE project aim to preserve an maintain the quality of life and of the environment.

The project is therefore divided into three specific objectives are :
1. Improve waste management.

2. Preserve and manage water resources

3. Fight against erosion (Restore deforested parts)

f-carteFutuna Island covers 46 sq. km, lies 230 km from Wallis, is mountainous, rising to 524 m, and boasts both permanent rivers and temporary waterways. Alofi, the uninhabited neighbouring island (18 sq. km, 417 m) is located 1.8 km southeast of Futuna (IEOM, 2014).

Environmental Description :

Futuna's deep, narrow valleys are covered in dense forest and the plateaux in secondary forest made up of coconut groves, ferny heaths, Caribbean pine plantations and food crops. Downstream from the water courses lie irrigated taro fields (Dentrand, 1999).

Futuna and Alofi have outstanding endemic species rates with four bird sub-species, seven plant, four freshwater fish and eleven land and freshwater mollusc species (Mary & al., 2005). Along Futuna's southwest coast, a fringing reef is formed by coral structures that were damaged in a 1993 earthquake. The chosen area is southwest Futuna Island and extends over 40 sq. km. The island sustained extensive physical damage caused by Cyclone Thomas in March 2010 that affected the north-eastern coast even more severely, particularly in terms of infrastructure and housing.

Social and Economic Description :

The population in 2014 stood at 3613 and was mainly located on the island's southwest coast. The employment rate is 28 % and imports are the mainstay of the economy, as on Wallis Island. There are no exports. Farming and fishing are practised at a subsistence level (IEOM, 2014).

Administration :

The island is administered by the French Prefect, Wallis and Futuna's most senior public servant and the head of the executive branch, represented by a Delegate. The Sigave Kingdom council of chiefs is made up of 5 customary ministers, and 6 village chiefs. The Alo Kingdom council of chiefs is made up of 5 customary ministers, and 9 village chiefs.

Priorities for consideration as identified by the Territory:

Waste management (Nanu'u landfill site);Freshwater environment preservation to protect biodiversity. The Leava and Vainifao Rivers are used for water supply and hydro-electric power generation and have infrastructure that hampers species movements, particularly the migration of the endemic goby; Preserving coral by reducing pollution and manmade disturbances caused by land erosion, inappropriate farming methods for steep land or poor bush clearance practices and haphazard land development. Reducing the risk of ciguatera;Reducing pollution hazards related to pig farming and poor household-waste management that affect water courses and coastal areas, causing a public health concern; Providing awareness training to water management and land-use planning players plus the general public so as to discourage harmful, contaminating practices related to waste, sewerage and farming or building practices.


The plan was developed based on the INTEGRE site-based action-plan development guide with the involvement of the community and the establishment of local committees and an interdepartmental committee in accordance with project implementation procedures.

Futuna action items

  • Waste management: restore and permanently close the Nanu'u landfill site, strengthen the territorial landfill site (management);
  • Water resource management: Water resource development and management plan assessment (plan evaluation, development and sustainable management plan, related legislation), Futuna drinking water supply system refurbishment (design work, priority refurbishment, system restructuring and extension, awareness training on water resource use);
  • Restoration: water catchment area reforestation (forest seed collection, preparatory workshops, seedling transport and planting, plantation maintenance, result maximisation and communication campaign).

The plan was submitted to CTEDD (Territorial Environment and Sustainable Development Council) on 20 June 2014 and endorsed and the Prefect of Wallis and Futuna approved it. Although most of the activities were approved, some still require fine-tuning and will be amended based on the various recommendations made. They will then be resubmitted at the next Territorial Environment and Sustainable Development Council.

Other activities will be brought by the SPC such as the development of an integrated coastal zone management plan and awareness campaigns and communications that will be conducted in the Territory.

Finally, some actions have already been taken, such as:

  • The construction of a wall coastal protection in the context of rehabilitation activity of the landfill site.
  • The realization of a concrete road guaranteeing access to Futuna CET in the context of support for CET site development. The work began in May 2014 and will end in December 2014.
  • A study of expertise with the Office of Engineering Thézée took place in July 2014 in order to make an inventory of drinking water systems and to estimate the needs for rehabilitation.

Pacific territories’ initiative for regional management of the environment

2014 © CPS - Réalisation Skazy : sites internet en Nouvelle-Calédonie