Futuna

wf-futuna

On Futuna, the natural biological and environmental equilibrium is essentially under pressure from pollution-related hazards. INTEGRE supports the authorities, appropriate departments and local stakeholders involved in preserving the territory’s environment and resources. More details are provided below.

INTEGRE is part of a multi-stakeholder networking and consultation process and aims to develop sustainable environmental management in this fragile and remote island group.

The local site committee held a methodology consultation and implementation workshop in February 2014. A SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats) analysis was carried out as the evaluation and decision-making aid.

The assessment helped better define the project strategy and keep future activities consistent. The following specific objectives were selected by the territory for the site’s projects :

  • Improve waste management by processing long-standing stocks of hazardous substances and starting up shipping-related businesses ;
  • Preserve water resources and freshwater biodiversity. The structures in Leava and Vainifano rivers for water supply and hydroelectricity purposes prevent endemic goby fish from migrating naturally ;
  • Preserve marine biodiversity by the curbing sediment pollution caused by watershed erosion from bush clearance, random earthworks and crops planted on hillsides and by reducing the ciguatera hazard ;
  • Develop an integrated coastal management plan ;
  • Awareness training for all stakeholders involved in freshwater management and area planning as well as the community to curtail pollution-causing behaviour (information and outreach campaigns on waste, sewage, farming practices and earthworks).

The first two objectives are related as improving the waste processing system will lessen the risk of irreversibly polluting the island’s water courses and soil, thereby addressing two of the territory’s priority issues.

 

Presentationsitefutuna

Geography :

Futuna, with a surface area of 46 sq km, is located 230 km from Wallis and has steep terrain rising to 524 m. It has a river network made up of permanent rivers and temporary water courses. In 2014, it had a population of 613 living mainly in the south-west. Some 1.8 km south-east of Futuna lies the small, uninhabited island of Alofi with a surface area of 18 sq km. These rugged volcanic islands are protected by a ring of fringing reefs but have no lagoon.

carte futuna grande carte web

Biodiversity :

Futuna’s deep, narrow valleys are covered in dense forest and its plateaux with secondary forest made up of coconut groves, fern heaths, Caribbean pine (Pinus caribea) plantations and food crops. Downstream from the water courses lie irrigated taro fields (Dentrand, 1999). Futuna and Alofi have outstanding endemic species rates with four bird sub-species, seven flowering plant, four freshwater fish and 11 land and freshwater mollusc species (Mary et al., 2005).
Along Futuna’s south-west coast, a fringing reef is formed by coral structures that were damaged in a 1993 earthquake. The island sustained extensive physical damage from Tropical Cyclone Thomas in 2010 that affected the north-eastern coast even more severely, particularly in terms of infrastructure and housing.

biodivfutuna

Environmental pressure :

Various threats to and constraints on Futuna’s biodiversity :

  • The water pollution hazard from unregulated landfills, long-standing stocks of untreated hazardous waste, such as batteries, household and pig effluent ;
  • Watershed erosion from deforestation and shoreline erosion ;
  • Invasive species such as the black rat that are harmful to native biodiversity ;
  • Natural disasters like earthquakes, tsunamis and tropical cyclones ;
  • Overfishing for subsistence fishing and for shell and sea cucumber (beche-de-mer/trepang) exports.

pressionfutuna

 diagnosticfutuna

The local site committee held a methodology consultation and implementation workshop in February 2014. A SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats) analysis was carried out as the evaluation and decision-making aid.

afomfutunaangla

afomfutunaanglb

An action plan was developed with the territory to achieve these objectives based on three activity groups.

Activity 1. To improve waste management

dechargenanu

INTEGRE supported the following activities :

  • Restoring the 20-year-old Nanu’u landfill prior to its permanent closure to put an end to chemical, physical and organic pollutants entering the ocean ;
  • Strengthening the Futuna landfill (improvedaccess, equipment purchases and staff training).

Provisional Amount : XPF 26,13 / (i.e. EUR 219 052)

Operator : Wallis & Futuna Department of the Environment    

For more details, consulte Activity statement :

renforcementcetfutuna

Activity 2. To preserve freshwater resources

INTEGRE supported the following initiatives :

  • A review of the Futuna and Alofi water resource development and management plans (SAGE) ;
  • Awareness training for schoolchildren, communities and traditional authorities in sustainable water resource management on Futuna based on recent restoration work to the water supply following damage sustained during Cyclone Thomas.

Provisional Amount : XPF 2,56 / (i.e. EUR 21 500)

Operator : Wallis & Futuna Department of the Environment    

For more details, consulte Activity statement :

preservereaufutuna

Activity 3. To control watershed erosion

INTEGRE supported the following initiative :

  • Reforestation of Futuna’s watersheds to curb soil leaching, strengthen biodiversity, develop a local timber industry and foster climate-change and cyclone resilience.

Provisional Amount : XPF 2,66 / (i.e. EUR 22 349)

Operator : Wallis & Futuna Department of Agriculture    

For more details, consulte Activity statement :

lutteerosionfutuna2

Synthesis of planned activities on the site : 

wallisbilanang

vuefutuna

INTEGRE Project was working towards the following objectives :

  • Improving waste management and educating the community about this issue ;
  • Limiting the risks of pollution, particular for the groundwater pollution hazard ;
  • Helping preserve natural resources ;
  • Helping contain coastal erosion ;
  • Helping preserve biodiversity.

On the site of Futuna, the balance of the activities is the following one :

- WF - C2F1 : Futuna waste treatment

bilanfutunadechets

The definitive closure of the Nanu'u site (including the intermediate platform) is a great success because it is a project shared by the entire population, partners and authorities. The operation was carried out in the interest of all and was a concrete action with a high visibility on the ins and outs, and a rapid implementation, which allowed its success and the support of partners.

Fostered and supported by the two chiefdoms of Futuna and by the Superior Administration of the territory, the mobilization of the population has been strong and gives guarantees of sustainability of this environmental awareness. This is also reinforced by awareness raising projects (via schools or associations).

The ecotax on cans and plastic and glass bottles encouraging people to sort and voted by the Territorial Assembly in December 2016 also strengthens the operation.

For more details, consulte Activity statement

- WF - C2F2 : Futuna Water Resource Management

bilanfutunaeau

This activity provided the essential elements for the drafting of the PAGD, currently being drafted by the Environment Service, which will enable the Territory to have associated regulations. The awareness phase will facilitate its implementation.

It should be noted that the communication plan could not be enhanced within the framework of this contract and the support to the implementation could not be carried out because the rendering was made with much delay. A cancellation of contract was made with the service provider.

The guide, which will be used by the Public Works Department, will make it possible to raise the awareness of the various stakeholders (elected representatives from the territories, traditional elected representatives, associations, teachers, facilitators, students and consumers) and to find the tools best suited to support them in their efforts to raise awareness of the need for better sustainable water resource management in Futuna.

The guide will be used for information campaigns among the chiefdoms and the population, with the prospect at 5 years - duration of the next fixed-term contract - of having drinking water on the entire island of Futuna (high priority of the Assises de l'Outre-Mer for Futuna).

For more details, consulte Activity statement

- WF - C2F3 : Watershed restoration

bilanfutunareboisement

The problems encountered in the nursery, the presence of snails and rats, were solved by the installation of traps and an irrigation tank independent of the communal water network was set up to compensate for the lack of water.

These actions to reforest the priority areas of the catchment areas will improve water quality (tree filtration capacity), reduce soil degradation and thus promote agriculture, and limit land input into runoff water. These actions support the missions of the Direction des Services de l'Agriculture and will therefore be perpetuated after the project.

The direct involvement of the population in the reforestation of villages has led to greater ownership and awareness, particularly in terms of the species to be planted. The villagers actively participated through the involvement of their village chiefs. The school activities carried out in secondary schools and communication activities are also likely to contribute to the sustainability of the activity

For more details, consulte Activity statement

2014 © CPS - Réalisation Skazy : sites internet en Nouvelle-Calédonie